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Program Adaptation

Program Adaptation

When choosing an evidence-based program (EBP), it is important to consider how a program will fit with the cultural values of your target population, as well as how it will fit with the setting and resources available for implementation. If a program does not make cultural sense to your target audience, then it is unlikely to be effective. For this reason, a program developed and empirically supported in one community simply may not work in another. Additionally, a program needs to be feasible and practical in your specific setting to be implemented effectively.

However, it is possible that no one EBP is a perfect match for your situation. When this happens, it is often necessary to modify an existing program to better fit your needs.

  • Adaptation refers to any change a prevention program undergoes to meet specific needs. Adaptation can include two types of changes to programs:
  • Content: Making changes or additions to program manuals, tasks, and tools so that the content is more relevant to the target population. In order to be effective, these changes should reflect the use of both culturally-relevant names, terms, and examples (surface structure) and culturally-relevant concepts, themes, and issues (deep structure).
  • Delivery: Making changes to the way programs are carried out (e.g., methods, online, or in the classroom)

 Most programs are characterized by a set of "key ingredients" which are thought to be the main catalysts of program effectiveness. The rest of the program surrounds and supports these key ingredients. When making modifications to a program it is important to identify and keep the "key ingredients" in order to maintain program effectiveness. However, often other facets of the program can be changed without significantly diminishing program effectiveness. When changes are made to a program it is critical that they are recorded and monitored so that you can later understand if they had some major effect on the intended outcomes. Well-designed adaptations can actually increase the effectiveness of your program.

 

References

Castro, F., Barrera, M., and Martinez, C. (2004). The cultural adaptation of prevention interventions: resolving tension between fidelity and fit. Prevention Science, 5(1), 41-45.
 
Resnicow, K., Baranowski, T., Ahluwalia, J.S., and Braithwaite, R.L. (1999). Cultural sensitivity in public health: defined and demystified. Ethnicity and Disease, 9 (1), 10-21.
 
SAMHSA. (2015, September 25). Cultural Competence. Retrieved from http://www.samhsa.gov/capt/applying-strategic-prevention/cultural-competence

January 2021

Jan 13 Wed
ADAD Zoom Training: Ethics

The purpose of the session is to gain an understanding of ethical guidelines in an advanced setting. Participants will be better equipped to resolve ethical dilemmas in Substance abuse and Mental Health field. This will be beneficial for those that have already completed Ethic’s the Basic.

Location

Zoom

Jan 15 Fri
ADAD Zoom Training: Helping with Emotional Intelligence

This training will provide an overview of using emotional intelligence in the helping profession. Participants will learn the:

  • Definition of Emotional Intelligence (EQ) and how it differs from Intelligence (IQ)
  • Understanding Emotional Intelligence with young adults (developmental perspective)
  • Introduction to Daniel Goleman’s Competency Module
  • Strategies to improve personal and professional life using Emotional Intelligence
  • Action Steps helping professionals take to encourage empathy
  • Activities that promote Emotional Intelligence
Location

Zoom

Jan 29 Fri
ADAD Zoom Training: Family Dynamics

The purpose of this training is to introduce Family Systems Theories. The presenter will discuss various approaches, skills and techniques used in effectively working with families (dual parent household, single parent, traditional and non-traditional parenting). Participants will be introduced to various tools and skills and be able to identify valuable characteristics to effectively help families. This is an interactive training.

Location

Zoom