SPORT

Overview

SPORT is a prevention program that combines substance-abuse prevention with health promotion to help adolescents to avoid substance abuse and at the same time adopt healthy lifestyle.

Target Problem 
  • Alcohol
  • Tobacco
  • Drugs
Setting 
  • School
  • Community
Target Participants 
  • Elementary-school student (ages 8-12)
  • Middle-school student (ages 12-15)
  • High school student (ages 15-18)
  • Age group: 8-18
  • Gender: Male and female

Assumptions and Outcomes

Main intermediate factor(s) assumed to influence substance abuse 
  • Self-image
Underlying assumptions 
  • Behaviors are influenced by our self-image
  • By changing our perceptions of self-image, we can avoid health-risk behaviors and engage in health-promoting behaviors
Non-substance abuse outcomes 
  • Physical activities

Program Structure

Lessons/activities 
  • SPORT can be implemented in two formats: a one-on-one format and a group lesson.
Curriculum coverage 
  • SPORT has separate modules for students and family members
  • They can be implemented independently
Staffing  
  • Providers/facilitators: In a school setting, SPORT typically is run by a class-room teacher who has been trained by SPORT certified trainers
  • Training needed: Yes

Previous Implementations

History 
  • Since 2002, the program has been implemented in more than 20 states, as well as several other countries (e.g., Turkey, where it was translated to Turkish)
Previous participants 
  • White
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • African American
Cultural relevance for Hawai‘i 
0No contextual relevance
1Place-based or ethno-culture
2Place-based and ethno-culture
3Place-based or ethno-culture pertaining to Hawai'i
4Hawai'i-oriented contextual relevance

Note: This framework was based on a study which examined several nationally recognized prevention programs to determine whether any may have cultural relevance to the context of Hawai'i (Rehurer, Hiramatsu & Helm, 2008 ). We borrowed this framework and applied it to a more current list of EBPs. This approach looks at whether or not a program’s curriculum content was originated and developed with a certain place or culture in mind. A score of 0 (zero) indicates no specific reference to a place or an ethno-culture was included in the program’s development (no contextual cultural relevance) and a score of 4 (four) indicates that the program was developed either specifically for Hawai'i or was developed somewhere else but was then also adapted for "local" and/or Native Hawaiian cultures. Placement of a program on the continuum was based on the sample population listed in their study reports and included considerations of 1) whether the program was ever implemented with populations similar to the racial/ethnic composition of Hawai’i's population and 2) whether the program was ever adapted to meet the needs of a specified local or ethnic culture (for instance, was the curriculum has successfully implemented in Spanish or languages other than English?).

Ever implemented in Hawai‘i?  
  • Yes
Previous implementation in Hawai‘i 
LocationTime PeriodOrganization
Kaua‘i County2011–2012Boys & Girls Club of Hawai'i
Is there any published study with Hawai‘i participants?  
  • No

Other

Contact Information 
Reference 
  • Center on the Family, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa.  (2016).  Prevention Programs Online Survey, 2014–2016  (Tool C2 & D5)
  • Center on the Family, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa.  (2013).  Substance Abuse Prevention Resource Mapping Project
  • Rehuher, D., Hiramatsu, T., & Helm, S. (2008). Evidence-based youth drug prevention: a critique with implications for practice-based contextually relevant prevention in Hawai'i. Hawaii Journal of Public Health. 1(1): 52-61. Retrieved from http://health.hawaii.gov/hjmph/files/2013/09/Volume1.1.pdf
  • Yuan, S., Sabino, S., & Wongkaren, T. (2013). Final evaluation report: Strategic Prevention Framework State Incentive Grant, State of Hawaii, 2006-2012. Honolulu, HI: Center on the Family, University of Hawai’i at Mānoa.